Dyhydration Behaviour and Thermal Stability of (Na, Ca)-Exehanged Gonnardite

Atsushi Yamazaki, Ryohei Otsuka

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Abstract

Natural gonnardite (Na5Ca2(Al9SinO40).12 H20), belonging to the fibrous zeolites group, was cation-exchanged with Na and Ca to give a series of Na+∗∗∗Ca2+ exchanged forms. The NazO/(Na2O+CaO+K2O) ratios of the obtained products were in the range from 82.84% to 6.88% (Ca-form). Dehydration behaviour and thermal stability of these products as well as natural three gonnardite and one tetranatrolite were examined by high-temperature X-ray diffraction and thermal analysis (TG-DTA). The lattice parameters a and c were almost unchanged in the whole Na+∗∗∗Caz+ exchanged series. Ca-gonnardite, of which occurrence in nature was very seldom, showed two endotherms due to dehydration at 222°C and 350°C. This indicates that the Ca-gonnardite essentially dehydrates in two steps like scolecite. It transformed directly into amorphous phase at about 360°C by the destruction of the framework structure due to dehydfation. This destruction temperature was about 240°C and lower by 70°C than those of tetranatrolite and gonnardite. In the framework of the gonnardite type, the Ca-exchange makes the hydrated phase more stable, while it lowers the thermal stability. This is because in the Ca-form water molecules occupy vacant sites produced by 2 Na+∗∗∗Ca2+ exchange, and that the framework structure is, more easily susceptible to distortion and hence to thermal destruction on heating.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)405-409
Number of pages5
JournalNippon Kagaku Kaishi / Chemical Society of Japan - Chemistry and Industrial Chemistry Journal
Volume1989
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

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Dehydration
Thermodynamic stability
Zeolites
Differential thermal analysis
X ray diffraction analysis
Thermoanalysis
Lattice constants
Cations
Positive ions
Heating
Temperature
Molecules
Water
Hot Temperature
sodium oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

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title = "Dyhydration Behaviour and Thermal Stability of (Na, Ca)-Exehanged Gonnardite",
abstract = "Natural gonnardite (Na5Ca2(Al9SinO40).12 H20), belonging to the fibrous zeolites group, was cation-exchanged with Na and Ca to give a series of Na+∗∗∗Ca2+ exchanged forms. The NazO/(Na2O+CaO+K2O) ratios of the obtained products were in the range from 82.84{\%} to 6.88{\%} (Ca-form). Dehydration behaviour and thermal stability of these products as well as natural three gonnardite and one tetranatrolite were examined by high-temperature X-ray diffraction and thermal analysis (TG-DTA). The lattice parameters a and c were almost unchanged in the whole Na+∗∗∗Caz+ exchanged series. Ca-gonnardite, of which occurrence in nature was very seldom, showed two endotherms due to dehydration at 222°C and 350°C. This indicates that the Ca-gonnardite essentially dehydrates in two steps like scolecite. It transformed directly into amorphous phase at about 360°C by the destruction of the framework structure due to dehydfation. This destruction temperature was about 240°C and lower by 70°C than those of tetranatrolite and gonnardite. In the framework of the gonnardite type, the Ca-exchange makes the hydrated phase more stable, while it lowers the thermal stability. This is because in the Ca-form water molecules occupy vacant sites produced by 2 Na+∗∗∗Ca2+ exchange, and that the framework structure is, more easily susceptible to distortion and hence to thermal destruction on heating.",
author = "Atsushi Yamazaki and Ryohei Otsuka",
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T1 - Dyhydration Behaviour and Thermal Stability of (Na, Ca)-Exehanged Gonnardite

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AU - Otsuka, Ryohei

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AB - Natural gonnardite (Na5Ca2(Al9SinO40).12 H20), belonging to the fibrous zeolites group, was cation-exchanged with Na and Ca to give a series of Na+∗∗∗Ca2+ exchanged forms. The NazO/(Na2O+CaO+K2O) ratios of the obtained products were in the range from 82.84% to 6.88% (Ca-form). Dehydration behaviour and thermal stability of these products as well as natural three gonnardite and one tetranatrolite were examined by high-temperature X-ray diffraction and thermal analysis (TG-DTA). The lattice parameters a and c were almost unchanged in the whole Na+∗∗∗Caz+ exchanged series. Ca-gonnardite, of which occurrence in nature was very seldom, showed two endotherms due to dehydration at 222°C and 350°C. This indicates that the Ca-gonnardite essentially dehydrates in two steps like scolecite. It transformed directly into amorphous phase at about 360°C by the destruction of the framework structure due to dehydfation. This destruction temperature was about 240°C and lower by 70°C than those of tetranatrolite and gonnardite. In the framework of the gonnardite type, the Ca-exchange makes the hydrated phase more stable, while it lowers the thermal stability. This is because in the Ca-form water molecules occupy vacant sites produced by 2 Na+∗∗∗Ca2+ exchange, and that the framework structure is, more easily susceptible to distortion and hence to thermal destruction on heating.

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