Dynamic model of childbearing and labor force participation of married women: Empirical evidence from Korea and Japan

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is the empirical investigation of childbirth behavior and labor-force participation of married women in South Korea and Japan. A dynamic discrete choice model is estimated using microdata from household surveys in South Korea and Japan. Estimation results suggest that: (1) only a second child is beneficial and others are not in the case of Korea, although any child is beneficial in the case of Japan; (2) nursing a newborn is considerably costly; (3) without considering an earnings effect, low-earnings jobs are costly in both countries, although high-earnings jobs are beneficial in Japan; and (4) the probability of finding a full-time position for married women after career interruption is estimated as 5-28%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-180
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Asian Economics
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Apr 1

Keywords

  • Dynamic programming
  • Female labor supply
  • Fertility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Finance
  • Economics and Econometrics

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