Confinement in the nanochannels of porous silicon strongly affects the phase behavior of the archetype liquid-crystal4-n-octyl-4-cyanobiphenyl (8CB). A very striking phenomenon is the development of a short-range smectic order, which occurs on a very broad temperature range. It suggests in this case that quenched disorder effects add to usual finite size and surface interaction effects. We have monitored the temperature variation of the molecular dynamics of the confined fluid by incoherent quasielastic neutron scattering. A strongly reduced mobility is observed at the highest temperatures in the liquid phase, which suggests that the interfacial molecular dynamics is strongly hindered. A continuously increasing slowdown appears on cooling together with a progressive growth of the static correlation length.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry