The bone fracture healing mechanism of the low-intensity pulsed ultrasound technique is not yet clearly understood. In our previous study, the electrical potentials induced in bone were successfully measured by focusing on piezoelectricity in the MHz range. Bone is composed of collagen and hydroxyapatite and has strong anisotropy. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of bone anisotropy on the electrical potentials induced by ultrasound irradiation. For this study, ultrasound bone transducers were fabricated using cortical bovine bone plates as piezoelectric devices. An ultrasound of 7.4 kPapeak-peak (i.e., the peak-to-peak pressure value) was used to irradiate the side surface of each bone plate. Electrical potentials induced in the bone plate were then measured by varying the wave propagation direction in the plate. The peak-to-peak values of these ultrasonically induced electrical potentials were found to vary with changes in the ultrasound propagation direction in the bone sample. The potential was maximized at an inclination of approximately 45° to the bone axis but was minimized around the three orthogonal directions. These maxima and minima ranged from 28 to 33 μVpeak-peak and from 5 to 12 μVpeak-peak, respectively. Additionally, our ultrasound results indicated a change in polarity due to bone anisotropy in the MHz range.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)