Effect of Ankle Motion and Tensile Stress at the Achilles Tendon on the Contact Pressure Between the Achilles Tendon and the Calcaneus

Tomohiro Matsui, Tsukasa Kumai, Satoshi Kamijo, Yasushi Shinohara, Hiroaki Kurokawa, Akira Taniguchi, Pasuk Mahakkanukrauh, Yasuhito Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Impingement between the Achilles tendon and the posterosuperior prominence of the calcaneus is considered to be a cause of insertional Achilles tendinopathy. The corresponding treatment intends to reduce tensile stress from calf muscles and avoid hyper-dorsiflexion of the ankle joint for decreasing the contact pressure; however, no study has reported on whether these treatments can decrease impingement. Thus, this study investigated the hypothesis that the tensile stress of the Achilles tendon and ankle motion affect the contact pressure between the Achilles tendon and the posterosuperior prominence of the calcaneus. Six fresh-frozen cadaveric lower leg specimens were procured. Each specimen was set to a custom foot-loading frame and loaded with a ground reaction force of 40 N and a tensile load of 70 N along the Achilles tendon. The contact pressure between the Achilles tendon and the posterosuperior prominence of the calcaneus was measured using a miniature pressure sensor under different tensile loadings of the Achilles tendon at the neutral ankle position. Similarly, the contact pressures during the ankle motion from a neutral position to maximum dorsiflexion were measured. The tensile load of the Achilles tendon and ankle motion affected the contact pressure between the Achilles tendon and the posterosuperior prominence of the calcaneus. The contact pressure increased with tensile load or ankle dorsiflexion. Conditions with increasing the tensile load of the Achilles tendon or under ankle dorsiflexion increase the contact pressure between the Achilles tendon and the posterosuperior prominence of the calcaneus.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • 5
  • biomechanics
  • Hagland's deformity
  • impingement
  • insertional Achilles tendinopathy
  • tendon insertion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of Ankle Motion and Tensile Stress at the Achilles Tendon on the Contact Pressure Between the Achilles Tendon and the Calcaneus'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this