The electrodeposited Sn-O-C composite anode cycling with LiClO4 delivered stable cycle performances showing discharge capacity of 473 mA h g of Sn-1 with 95% of coulombic efficiency at 100th cycle. However, the anode showed poor cycle performances with LiPF6 delivering discharge capacity of 69 mA h g of Sn-1 at 100th cycle with 70% of coulombic efficiency. Electrochemical investigation performed by cyclic voltammetry and differential capacity plots revealed that the Sn-O-C composite cycling with LiPF6 suffered from retarded phase transition reaction between Li and Sn during charge/discharge process. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy declared the existence of fluorinated-Sn and LiF. Moreover, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy found increase in their amount with repeated cycles. The morphologies of the Sn-O-C composite cycled with LiPF6 showed aggregated particles containing the chemical state of fluorinated-Sn and LiF on its surface. Furthermore, the significant pulverization and aggregation of the active material were observed from the Sn-O-C composite cycled by LiPF6 rather than that of LiClO4, which was probably promoted by the generated HF strongly corroding metallic component.
- Lithium secondary batteries
- Sn-O-C composite
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering