Effect of Exercise Intensity on Cell-Mediated Immunity

Katsuhiko Suzuki, Harumi Hayashida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Moderate-intensity exercise is considered to enhance immune function and to be useful for preventing acute upper respiratory infections and similar conditions. Many people practice lowintensity short-duration exercise with the expectation of a beneficial effect on immunocompetency. However, it is difficult to affirm the existence of definite evidence of such a benefit. In this article, we discuss the effects of low-intensity short-duration exercise on cell-mediated immunity, and contrast them to the effects of high-intensity and long-duration exercise. Whereas high-intensity exercise induces inflammation and reduces cell-mediated immune system function, low-intensity exercise does not appear to have a large effect on either inflammation or cell-mediated immune function. Low-intensity exercises such as walking and yoga, which are helpful to relieve stress, cannot be considered as harmful to the immune system. Although yoga was shown to impose fewer restrictions on breathing and physical strain, the evidence that yoga enhances cell-mediated immunity remains insufficient. Therefore, further studies are needed to examine the exercise mode that may be most effective for improvement of immune functions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalSports
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jan

Keywords

  • cellular immune system
  • cytokines
  • exercise
  • inflammation
  • walking
  • yoga

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of Exercise Intensity on Cell-Mediated Immunity'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this