Effect of intermittency on axial dispersion in an asymmetrical oscillatory flow

Hideki Fujioka, Kazuo Tanishita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Axial dispersion in oscillatory flow is one of the important factors influencing the gas transport during HFO. Recently, the requirements for HFO have become diversified. The mucus clearance is one of the important steps for HFO. It was proven that the difference of flow rates between inspiration and expiration of oscillation was effective for mucus clearance. According to our latest study, the dispersion in an oscillatory flow can be improved by introducing a stationary period right after the diffusing particle experiences the largest movement, because of its lateral mixing effect during the stationary period. In this study, the numerical simulation of gas transport in an asymmetrical oscillatory laminar flow in a straight circular pipe was carried out for improvement of gas transport. The presence of the stationary period enhances axial gas transport in an asymmetrical oscillatory flow, and the maximum ratio of effective diffusivity to molecular diffusivity is double that of sinusoidal oscillatory flow.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3680-3686
Number of pages7
JournalNippon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B
Volume60
Issue number579
Publication statusPublished - 1994 Nov

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gas transport
intermittency
mucus
clearances
Gases
diffusivity
expiration
inspiration
laminar flow
Laminar flow
flow velocity
Pipe
Flow rate
requirements
oscillations
Computer simulation
simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Effect of intermittency on axial dispersion in an asymmetrical oscillatory flow. / Fujioka, Hideki; Tanishita, Kazuo.

In: Nippon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B, Vol. 60, No. 579, 11.1994, p. 3680-3686.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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