Effect of La substitution on electrical properties of highly oriented Bi4Ti3O12 films prepared by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition

Tomohiro Sakai, Takayuki Watanabe, Hiroshi Funakubo*, Keisuke Saito, Minoru Osada

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of La substitution on the electrical properties of Bi4Ti31O12 was investigated by using epitaxially grown Bi4Ti3O12 (BIT) films and highly oriented (Bi3.25La0.75)Ti3O12 [BLT] films with (001)-, (118)- and (104)(014)-orientations. By characterizing the leakage current density for films with different orientations, it was found that the leakage current density along the a-b plane was decreased by La substitution. The spontaneous polarization (Ps) of the BLT film evaluated from the P-E hysteresis properties of the (001)- and (118)-oriented films was 3.5 and 38 μC/cm2 along the c-axis and the a-axis, respectively. They were smaller than those of the BIT films: 4.0 and 50 μC/cm2. Based on the fact that La preferentially substitutes for the Bi site in the pseudoperovskite layer, the large remanent polarization widely reported for polycrystalline (Bi3.25La0.75)Ti3O12 films is related to the reduction of the number of defect complexes in the pseudoperovskite layer that possibly pin the domain motion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-169
Number of pages4
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jan
Externally publishedYes


  • BiTiO
  • Bismuth layer structural ferroelectrics
  • Epitaxial thin film
  • Ferroelect ricity
  • Substitution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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