Effect of Light Intensity and Wavelength on Diurnal Activity of the Banded Coral Shrimp Stenopus hispidus (Decapoda, Stenopodidae): A Possible Adaptation for a Cleaner Shrimp in Reef Environments

Yuriko Esaka, Eiji Yoshioka, Yuki Takeuchi, Sung Pyo Hur, Akihiro Takemura

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Most decapod crustaceans are nocturnal. However, because cleaner shrimp at cleaning stations act in concert with their hosts, they clean debris and parasites off the body surfaces of diurnal hosts during daytime. It is not known how cleaner shrimp physiologically accommodate diurnal environments and perform cleaning behaviors. We examined the effect of light cues on the daily rhythmicity of the banded coral shrimp Stenopus hispidus (Decapoda, Stenopodidae), a cleaner shrimp in coral reefs. Shrimp were individually kept in aquaria under conditions of 12-hr light and 12-hr darkness (LD) and constant darkness (DD). Double-plotted actogram analyses revealed that shrimp under LD were active during scotophase and inactive during photophase. Locomotor rhythms were observed in most shrimp under DD. Periodogram analyses showed a weak circadian rhythm in shrimp under DD. Our results show that this species is nocturnal and that its locomotor activity is controlled primarily by the LD cycle. Day-night differences in locomotor activity were reduced in shrimp under LD with weak irradiance, and they remained active during photophase. Shrimp under LD using blue or green light-emitting diode light, but not red light-emitting diode light, showed a day-inactive and night-active rhythmicity. These results indicate that this species can be active under environments with low green and blue spectra-for example, during twilight hours, at depth, or on cloudy days-even during daytime, and this weakness of the circadian clock may be advantageous in their role as cleaner shrimp. It is concluded that in addition to the presence of visiting hosts, light conditions at cleaning stations are likely to influence cleaning activity.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)191-200
    Number of pages10
    JournalPacific Science
    Volume70
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016 Apr 1

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    diurnal activity
    cleaners
    Decapoda
    wavelengths
    light intensity
    corals
    reefs
    shrimp
    cleaning
    photophase
    circadian rhythm
    locomotion
    scotophase
    blue light
    red light
    aquariums
    coral reefs
    Crustacea

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General

    Cite this

    Effect of Light Intensity and Wavelength on Diurnal Activity of the Banded Coral Shrimp Stenopus hispidus (Decapoda, Stenopodidae) : A Possible Adaptation for a Cleaner Shrimp in Reef Environments. / Esaka, Yuriko; Yoshioka, Eiji; Takeuchi, Yuki; Hur, Sung Pyo; Takemura, Akihiro.

    In: Pacific Science, Vol. 70, No. 2, 01.04.2016, p. 191-200.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    abstract = "Most decapod crustaceans are nocturnal. However, because cleaner shrimp at cleaning stations act in concert with their hosts, they clean debris and parasites off the body surfaces of diurnal hosts during daytime. It is not known how cleaner shrimp physiologically accommodate diurnal environments and perform cleaning behaviors. We examined the effect of light cues on the daily rhythmicity of the banded coral shrimp Stenopus hispidus (Decapoda, Stenopodidae), a cleaner shrimp in coral reefs. Shrimp were individually kept in aquaria under conditions of 12-hr light and 12-hr darkness (LD) and constant darkness (DD). Double-plotted actogram analyses revealed that shrimp under LD were active during scotophase and inactive during photophase. Locomotor rhythms were observed in most shrimp under DD. Periodogram analyses showed a weak circadian rhythm in shrimp under DD. Our results show that this species is nocturnal and that its locomotor activity is controlled primarily by the LD cycle. Day-night differences in locomotor activity were reduced in shrimp under LD with weak irradiance, and they remained active during photophase. Shrimp under LD using blue or green light-emitting diode light, but not red light-emitting diode light, showed a day-inactive and night-active rhythmicity. These results indicate that this species can be active under environments with low green and blue spectra-for example, during twilight hours, at depth, or on cloudy days-even during daytime, and this weakness of the circadian clock may be advantageous in their role as cleaner shrimp. It is concluded that in addition to the presence of visiting hosts, light conditions at cleaning stations are likely to influence cleaning activity.",
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