Al-free Ti-Si-beta was synthesized by a steam-assisted crystallization (SAC) method using tetraethylammonium hydroxide as a structure-directing agent. It was noted that Na in a parent gel was essential for synthesizing highly crystalline Ti-Si-beta by means of the SAC method. An absorption band at 225 nm, assigned to isolated Ti species, and another band at around 270 nm appeared in the UV spectra of the Ti-Si-beta. The latter absorption band decreased upon ion exchange of as-synthesized materials with 1 M aqueous NH4NO3 solution, and this treatment did not change the SiO2/TiO2 molar ratio in Ti-Si-beta. The Q3 signal in the 29Si-NMR spectrum almost disappeared and the amount of H2O adsorbed decreased due to the NH+4 exchange of Ti-Si-beta. The NH+4 exchange resulted in a higher catalytic activity of the zeolite for cyclohexene epoxidation with H2O2 and a high selectivity toward epoxide compared with the H2SO4-treated Ti-Si-beta and Al-containing Ti-beta samples prepared in this study. Summarizing these results, the NH+4 exchange of Ti-Si-beta zeolite is found to induce a hydrophobic environment around Ti sites without detitanation from the zeolite frame-work.
- NH exchange
- Steam-assisted crystallization
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry