Effect of NH+ 4 Exchange on Hydrophobicity and Catalytic Properties of Al-Free Ti-Si-beta Zeolite

Masaru Ogura, Shin Ichi Nakata, Eiichi Kikuchi, Masahiko Matsukata

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    30 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Al-free Ti-Si-beta was synthesized by a steam-assisted crystallization (SAC) method using tetraethylammonium hydroxide as a structure-directing agent. It was noted that Na in a parent gel was essential for synthesizing highly crystalline Ti-Si-beta by means of the SAC method. An absorption band at 225 nm, assigned to isolated Ti species, and another band at around 270 nm appeared in the UV spectra of the Ti-Si-beta. The latter absorption band decreased upon ion exchange of as-synthesized materials with 1 M aqueous NH4NO3 solution, and this treatment did not change the SiO2/TiO2 molar ratio in Ti-Si-beta. The Q3 signal in the 29Si-NMR spectrum almost disappeared and the amount of H2O adsorbed decreased due to the NH+ 4 exchange of Ti-Si-beta. The NH+ 4 exchange resulted in a higher catalytic activity of the zeolite for cyclohexene epoxidation with H2O2 and a high selectivity toward epoxide compared with the H2SO4-treated Ti-Si-beta and Al-containing Ti-beta samples prepared in this study. Summarizing these results, the NH+ 4 exchange of Ti-Si-beta zeolite is found to induce a hydrophobic environment around Ti sites without detitanation from the zeolite frame-work.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)41-47
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Catalysis
    Volume199
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2001 Apr 1

    Fingerprint

    Zeolites
    Hydrophobicity
    hydrophobicity
    steam
    Absorption spectra
    Steam
    Crystallization
    crystallization
    absorption spectra
    epoxidation
    Epoxidation
    epoxy compounds
    hydroxides
    catalytic activity
    Catalyst activity
    Ion exchange
    Tetraethylammonium
    Gels
    selectivity
    Epoxy Compounds

    Keywords

    • Hydrophobicity
    • NH exchange
    • Steam-assisted crystallization
    • Ti-beta

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Catalysis
    • Process Chemistry and Technology

    Cite this

    Effect of NH+ 4 Exchange on Hydrophobicity and Catalytic Properties of Al-Free Ti-Si-beta Zeolite. / Ogura, Masaru; Nakata, Shin Ichi; Kikuchi, Eiichi; Matsukata, Masahiko.

    In: Journal of Catalysis, Vol. 199, No. 1, 01.04.2001, p. 41-47.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Ogura, Masaru ; Nakata, Shin Ichi ; Kikuchi, Eiichi ; Matsukata, Masahiko. / Effect of NH+ 4 Exchange on Hydrophobicity and Catalytic Properties of Al-Free Ti-Si-beta Zeolite. In: Journal of Catalysis. 2001 ; Vol. 199, No. 1. pp. 41-47.
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    abstract = "Al-free Ti-Si-beta was synthesized by a steam-assisted crystallization (SAC) method using tetraethylammonium hydroxide as a structure-directing agent. It was noted that Na in a parent gel was essential for synthesizing highly crystalline Ti-Si-beta by means of the SAC method. An absorption band at 225 nm, assigned to isolated Ti species, and another band at around 270 nm appeared in the UV spectra of the Ti-Si-beta. The latter absorption band decreased upon ion exchange of as-synthesized materials with 1 M aqueous NH4NO3 solution, and this treatment did not change the SiO2/TiO2 molar ratio in Ti-Si-beta. The Q3 signal in the 29Si-NMR spectrum almost disappeared and the amount of H2O adsorbed decreased due to the NH+ 4 exchange of Ti-Si-beta. The NH+ 4 exchange resulted in a higher catalytic activity of the zeolite for cyclohexene epoxidation with H2O2 and a high selectivity toward epoxide compared with the H2SO4-treated Ti-Si-beta and Al-containing Ti-beta samples prepared in this study. Summarizing these results, the NH+ 4 exchange of Ti-Si-beta zeolite is found to induce a hydrophobic environment around Ti sites without detitanation from the zeolite frame-work.",
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