The crystal orientation and residual stress in gallium nitride (GaN) films deposited on a single-crystal (0001) sapphire substrate using a new sputtering system are examined through x-ray diffraction measurements as part of a study of low-temperature sputtering techniques for GaN. The new if sputtering system has an isolated deposition chamber to prevent contamination with impurities, and is expected to produce high-purity nitride films. GaN films are deposited at various substrate temperatures and constant gas pressure and input power. This new system is found to produce GaN films with good crystal orientation, with the c-axes of GaN crystals oriented normal to the substrate surface. The crystal size of films deposited at high temperature is larger than that deposited at low Ts. All films except that deposited at 700°C exhibit compressive residual stress, and this residual stress is found to decrease with increasing temperature. Finally, the film deposited at 700°C was tinged with white, and the surface contained numerous micro-cracks.