Effect of tacticity on the dielectric properties of polystyrene

Saki Hikosaka, Yoshimichi Ohki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dielectric properties of polystyrene (PS) were investigated by measuring electrical conduction current and frequency spectra of complex permittivity at temperatures from 20 to 199 °C. To clarify the effects of tacticity, the properties were compared among two kinds of syndiotactic PS (SPS) with different crystallinity values and one atactic PS (APS). Experimental results indicate that the two SPS samples show a high melting point of about 250 °C. The conductivity is lowest in SPS with the low crystallinity in the whole temperature range from 20 to 199 °C, while APS had a breakdown at 140 °C. Moreover, the low-crystallinity SPS shows the smallest permittivity values and the smallest increase in dielectric loss factor toward low frequencies among the three samples. The high-crystallinity SPS has α crystals. Since the density of α crystals is lower than the amorphous region, the charge transport and polarization are easier in the high-crystallinity SPS than in the low-crystallinity SPS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-303
Number of pages5
JournalIEEJ Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jul

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Keywords

  • Complex permittivity
  • Conductivity
  • Crystallization
  • Syndiotactic polystyrene
  • Tacticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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