Effect of transference velocity and hydrogen pressure on porosity and pore morphology of lotus-type porous copper fabricated by a continuous casting technique

J. S. Park, S. K. Hyun, S. Suzuki, H. Nakajima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

111 Citations (Scopus)


A continuous casting technique was developed to fabricate, in a pressurized hydrogen atmosphere, lotus-type porous copper with long cylindrical pores aligned parallel to the solidification direction. The molten copper dissolving the hydrogen was pulled downward to be solidified through a cooled mould at a given transference velocity. This technique has the benefit of producing long-sized lotus-type porous metal slabs as long as 700 mm. The effects of the hydrogen gas pressure and the transference velocity on the porosity and the pore morphology were investigated. The porosity was independent of the transference velocity but dependent on the hydrogen gas pressure. The average pore diameter and pore length were affected by the changes of both the transference velocity and hydrogen gas pressure. The change of transference velocity affected the pore formation position near the slab surface. The porosity and pore size were therefore well controlled by the transference velocity and hydrogen gas pressure. It is concluded that the continuous casting technique is a promising method for the mass production of lotus-type porous metals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5646-5654
Number of pages9
JournalActa Materialia
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Sep 1



  • Continuous casting
  • Hydrogen gas pressure
  • Lotus-type porous copper
  • Pore morphology
  • Solidification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

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