The response of the trapped Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) is investigated. We regard the BEC as a manifestation of the spontaneous breakdown of the global phase symmetry. Then, the Goldstone theorem leads to the existence of the zero energy excitation mode (zeromode). We calculate the effect of the zero-mode to the response frequency and show that the contribution of the zero-mode to the first excitation mode becomes dominant as the temperature and/or the coupling constant are increased.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)