Effective cultural obstacles on the way of Iran economy development (from the viewpoint of university students of Tehran)

Farhad Taghi Zadeh Hesary, Fatemeh Rostami, Seyed Ahmad Khosravi, Rohollah Jalilian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Culture is considered as the basis of human behaviors. A remarkable part of economical behaviors are also based on culture. In addition, every society is administered and directed on the basis of its culture and civilization. Hence, culture enjoys a special position in development and not paying sufficient attention to it results in failure of all development programs. As the result, the relationship between culture and development should be known completely and sufficient consideration should be given to it. Purpose of the current study is to investigate the cultural obstacles which are effective in Iran economical development - from the viewpoint of Tehran college students. In other words, it attempts to answer this question that what cultural factors have hindered economical development in Iran from the viewpoint of college students as the educated people and the society future managers. This research project investigates the effect of variables like fanaticism, Ethnocentrism in its traditional form, religion plurality, fatalism, some traditional beliefs, and some religious beliefs on nondevelopment of Iran economy from the viewpoint of Tehran college students through survey and theories of Isynschtad, Myrdal, Piers, Shaw, and Lypzyt. Statistic population of the project consists of total college students of Tehran including all the students from State, Azad, Payam-e Noor, Scientific-Applied, Non-Profit, etc. universities who are 453424 students. Sample size is 384 students which is obtained through Cochran method and measured by multiple-stage clustered sample-taking method. The research instrument is questionnaire and its reliability and validity have been measured through Cronbach's Alpha and face validity. Finally, the data a analyzed through SPSS. Obtained result confirmed the effect of the four variables of fanaticism, Ethnocentrism in its traditional form, religion plurality, fatalism, some traditional beliefs, and some religious beliefs on nondevelopment of Iran economy. In addition, the results of linear regression of independent variables with nondevelopment of Iran economy indicate that fatalism and religion multiplicity are the strongest and weakest variables in economy non-development, with β coefficients of 0.342 and 0.92, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1569-1578
Number of pages10
JournalAdvances in Environmental Biology
Volume7
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Sep 11
Externally publishedYes

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student
Religion
religion
Students
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Civilization
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questionnaires
statistics
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Population Characteristics
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Research

Keywords

  • Cultural obstacles
  • Economy development
  • Fatalism
  • Religion-multiplicity
  • Traditional beliefs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Effective cultural obstacles on the way of Iran economy development (from the viewpoint of university students of Tehran). / Taghi Zadeh Hesary, Farhad; Rostami, Fatemeh; Ahmad Khosravi, Seyed; Jalilian, Rohollah.

In: Advances in Environmental Biology, Vol. 7, No. 8, 11.09.2013, p. 1569-1578.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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