A numerical simulation method is developed for predicting the effective radiation area and the projected area of a human body for any posture. This method is based on the solar heat gain simulation for buildings. To confirm the validity of the present method, predicted effective radiation area factors and projected area factors for both standing and seated persons are compared with those by the measurements. It was found that predicted values agree quite well with those by the subjective experiments within 10% accuracy. The effective radiation area and the diagrams of the projected area factors for a person sitting on the floor are illustrated. Moreover, the angle factors between a standing person and rectangular planes are calculated and compared with the results by Fanger.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Building and Construction
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering