Effects of aging and subsequent exercise training on gene expression of endothelin-1 in rat heart

Motoyuki Iemitsu, Takashi Miyauchi, Seiji Maeda, Takumi Tanabe, Yoko Irukayama-Tomobe, Katsutoshi Goto, Mitsuo Matsuda, Iwao Yamaguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is produced by endothelial cells and cardiac myocytes. ET-1 has potent positive inotropic and chronotropic effects on heart and induces myocardial cell hypertrophy. We investigated whether gene expression of ET-1 in rat hearts is altered by aging and subsequent exercise training. We also investigated whether gene expression of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), which participate in some pathological cardiac conditions, in the rat hearts is altered by aging and subsequent exercise training. We studied mRNA expression of ET-1, ANP and BNP in hearts of sedentary young rats (Sedentary young; 4 months old), sedentary aged rats (Sedentary aged; 23 months old), and swim-trained aged rats (Trained aged; 23 months old, swimming training for 8 weeks). The left ventricle weight mass index for body weight and left ventricular end-diastolic dimension were significantly higher in the Trained aged group compared with the Sedentary aged group. These results showed that Trained aged rats developed cardiac hypertrophy with improvement of cardiac function. The mRNA expression of ET-1 in the heart was significantly higher in Sedentary aged group compared with Sedentary young group, and was significantly higher in the Trained aged group compared with the Sedentary aged group. The mRNA expression of ANP and BNP in the heart was significantly higher in Sedentary aged group compared with Sedentary young group, and was significantly higher in the Trained aged group compared with the Sedentary aged group. The present results show that mRNA expression of ET-1 in the heart is increased by aging, and that the mRNA expression is further increased by exercise-induced cardiac hypertrophy, suggesting that ET-1 in the heart may participate in these physiological cardiac adaptations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)152S-157S
JournalClinical Science
Volume103
Issue numberSUPPL. 48
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Aug
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aged rat
  • ET-1
  • Heart
  • Swimming-training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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