Effects of Al Content and Addition of Third Element on Fabrication of Ti-Al Intermetallic Coatings by Heat Treatment of Warm-Sprayed Precursors

J. Sienkiewicz, S. Kuroda, K. Minagawa, Hideyuki Murakami, H. Araki, K. J. Kurzydłowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)


Four powder mixtures of titanium and aluminum with 50:50, 40:60, 30:70, and 20:80 atomic ratios were used as feedstock for Warm Spray process to produce composite coatings. A two-stage heat treatment at 600 and 1000 °C was applied to the deposits in order to obtain titanium aluminide intermetallic phases. The microstructure, chemical, and phase composition of the as-deposited and heat-treated coatings were investigated using SEM, EDS, and XRD. It was found that the Al content affects on the thickness expansion of the heat-treated Ti-Al coatings significantly and also has a major influence on the porosity development, which is caused by the Kirkendall effect. The effects of adding a third element Si and heat treatment with pressure to produce denser Ti-Al intermetallic coating were also examined. The investigated hot-pressed coatings with addition of Si exhibited much denser microstructure and contained Ti-Al intermetallic phases with titanium silicide precipitates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)749-757
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Thermal Spray Technology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jun 28
Externally publishedYes



  • coatings
  • diffusion
  • Ti-Al intermetallics
  • warm spray

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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