Effects of chronic endurance exercise training on serum 25(OH)D concentrations in elderly Japanese men

Xiaomin Sun, Zhen Bo Cao, Kumpei Tanisawa, Hirokazu Taniguchi, Takafumi Kubo, Mitsuru Higuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Higher levels of physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness are positively related to serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations; however, the response of 25(OH)D concentrations to chronic endurance exercise training is unclear. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to elucidate whether serum 25(OH)D concentrations were directly increased by 5 weeks of endurance exercise training and influenced by changes in body fat in elderly men. Methods: Twenty elderly Japanese men were randomized to either the 5-week endurance exercise training group (ET group; N = 10) or the sedentary control group (SC group; N = 10). Fasting blood samples were collected to determine serum 25(OH)D and other blood parameters. The visceral fat area and hepatic fat content were assessed by magnetic resonance imaging and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy, respectively. Results: After 5 weeks of endurance exercise training, the levels of maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) were significantly increased from 23.3 at baseline to 28.1 mL/kg/min at the endpoint for the ET group; levels were unchanged for the SC group. A significant seasonal reduction in serum 25(OH)D concentrations was observed in the SC group (P < 0.05), while no change was found in the ET group. The results may be partly attributed to the slight decrease in intrahepatic fat in the ET group. No changes were observed in percent body fat or visceral fat area. Conclusions: The results of our study suggest that 5 weeks of endurance training could inhibit the seasonal reduction in serum 25(OH)D concentrations without changes in body fat.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)330-337
Number of pages8
JournalEndocrine
Volume59
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 1

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Exercise
Adipose Tissue
Serum
Intra-Abdominal Fat
Fats
Physical Fitness
Fasting
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Oxygen
Control Groups
Liver

Keywords

  • Aerobic exercise training
  • Aging
  • Intrahepatic fat
  • Vitamin D
  • VO max

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Effects of chronic endurance exercise training on serum 25(OH)D concentrations in elderly Japanese men. / Sun, Xiaomin; Cao, Zhen Bo; Tanisawa, Kumpei; Taniguchi, Hirokazu; Kubo, Takafumi; Higuchi, Mitsuru.

In: Endocrine, Vol. 59, No. 2, 01.02.2018, p. 330-337.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sun, Xiaomin ; Cao, Zhen Bo ; Tanisawa, Kumpei ; Taniguchi, Hirokazu ; Kubo, Takafumi ; Higuchi, Mitsuru. / Effects of chronic endurance exercise training on serum 25(OH)D concentrations in elderly Japanese men. In: Endocrine. 2018 ; Vol. 59, No. 2. pp. 330-337.
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