Effects of Differences of Breakfast Styles, Such as Japanese and Western Breakfasts, on Eating Habits

Mai Kuwahara, Yu Tahara, Takahiko Suiko, Yuki Nagamori, Shigenobu Shibata*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A balanced diet and protein source intake are reportedly good for health. However, many people skip breakfast or have a light breakfast. Thus, this study aimed to examine the influence of breakfast styles on eating habits among Japanese workers, including traditional Japanese-style breakfast (JB), a pattern in which Japanese foods are eaten; Japanese-Western-style breakfast (J–W B), a pattern in which Japanese and Western foods are eaten alternately; Western-style breakfast (WB), a pattern in which Western foods are eaten; and cereal-style breakfast (CB), a pattern in which cereal is eaten. We hypothesized that breakfast style may be related to good eating habits. Data from 4274 respondents (67.97% male, 33.03% female, age 48.12 ± 0.19 years), excluding night shift workers and breakfast absentees out of a total of 5535 respondents, were analyzed. The results suggest that Japanese food is linked to the intake of protein sources such as fish, eggs, and soy. Furthermore, it was suggested that Japanese food breakfast is effective for good eating habits, such as not eating irregular amounts of food, not eating snacks, not drinking sweet juices, and having a balanced diet.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5143
JournalNutrients
Volume14
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec

Keywords

  • Japanese breakfast
  • balanced diet
  • breakfast
  • cereal breakfast
  • eating habits
  • protein
  • western breakfast

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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