Effects of explicit knowledge on transfer of visuomotor sequence learning

Kanji Tanaka, Katsumi Watanabe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Skilled, sequential movements can be acquired explicitly or implicitly. In the present study, we examined the effects of explicit knowledge obtained through instruction or spontaneous detection on transfer of visuomotor sequence learning. In the first session, participants learned a visuomotor sequence by trial and error. In subsequent sessions, the sequence was changed according to specific rules. Some participants received explicit instruction about which specific rules changed, while the others did not. Knowledge of changes via explicit instruction led to slower performance with fewer errors; the sluggishness persisted even in the last phase of transfer learning. On the other hand, knowledge discovered independently by the participants produced slower performance in the initial phase of learning with fewer errors, but their performance speed eventually reached the same level as that of the unaware participants. These results suggest that explicit knowledge may help to reduce errors in the initial phase of visuomotor sequence learning but may interfere with increasing speed, particularly when the knowledge is given rather than found.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBuilding Bridges Across Cognitive Sciences Around the World - Proceedings of the 34th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, CogSci 2012
EditorsNaomi Miyake, David Peebles, Richard P. Cooper
PublisherThe Cognitive Science Society
Pages1036-1041
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9780976831884
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Event34th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society: Building Bridges Across Cognitive Sciences Around the World, CogSci 2012 - Sapporo, Japan
Duration: 2012 Aug 12012 Aug 4

Publication series

NameBuilding Bridges Across Cognitive Sciences Around the World - Proceedings of the 34th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, CogSci 2012

Conference

Conference34th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society: Building Bridges Across Cognitive Sciences Around the World, CogSci 2012
Country/TerritoryJapan
CitySapporo
Period12/8/112/8/4

Keywords

  • Explicit knowledge
  • Interference
  • Sequence learning
  • Transfer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

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