Effects of incorporation of SiO2 nanoparticles into sulfonated polyimide electrolyte membranes on fuel cell performance under low humidity conditions

Masaru Sakamoto, Shinji Nohara, Kenji Miyatake, Makoto Uchida, Masahiro Watanabe, Hiroyuki Uchida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have developed new composite membranes of sulfonated polyimide containing triazole groups (SPI-8) as a matrix ionomer and SiO2 nanoparticles. The incorporation of SiO2 nanoparticles remarkably improved the fuel cell performances during low humidity operation at 53% RH and 80 °C. Among the cells with SPI-8 membranes with uniformly dispersed SiO2 from 0 to 15 wt%, the single cell with 10 wt% SiO 2/SPI-8 was found to exhibit the highest I - E performance, with the highest mass activity at 0.85 V and the smallest oxygen-transport overpotential (O2-gain) as well as the lowest ohmic resistance. This strongly indicates that SiO2 nanoparticles were able to promote the back-diffusion of water produced in the cathode catalyst layer to the anode catalyst layer, maintaining high water content in the membrane during the operation. It was found that the cell with a bilayer SPI-8 membrane having 10 wt% SiO2 in the anode-side layer and 3 wt% SiO2 in the cathode-side layer exhibited performance superior to that with a uniform dispersion of 10 wt% SiO2, especially in the higher current density region at low RH, which can be ascribed with certainty to the fact that the concentration gradient of SiO2 in the SPI-8 led to enhancement of the back-diffusion of water through the membrane

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-218
Number of pages6
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume137
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Aug 10
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Polymer electrolyte fuel cell
  • Sulfonated polyimide copolymer electrolyte membrane
  • Water back-diffusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry

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