Effects of media information on collective resilience in a disaster—A case study of the crisis of stranded commuters in Tokyo during the 2011 Great East Japan earthquake

John W. Cheng*, Hitoshi Mitomo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This article examines the relations between media information and collective resilience—collective solidarity behaviours that emerge from a crowd—in a disaster. It uses the crisis of stranded commuters in Tokyo during the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake as a case study with data collected from an original survey. Using a cluster analysis and a multinomial logistic regression, it is found that media information is positively related to the characteristics of collective resilience, such as shared identity and mutual help. Specifically, among those who felt threatened by the disaster, people who had received more information from media, particularly from social media and mobile telephones, were more likely to display higher levels of these characteristics. It is contended that this is because media information can help people to feel more empowered and, thus, more willing to interact with and help others.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-96
Number of pages14
JournalAsian Journal of Social Psychology
Volume21
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Mar 1

Keywords

  • Great East Japan Earthquake
  • collective resilience
  • disaster resilience
  • mass behaviour in disasters
  • media information in disasters
  • stranded commuters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Social Sciences(all)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of media information on collective resilience in a disaster—A case study of the crisis of stranded commuters in Tokyo during the 2011 Great East Japan earthquake'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this