Effects of Media Information on Collective Resilience in a Disaster-A Case Study of the Crisis of Stranded Commuters in Tokyo During the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake

John William Cheng, Hitoshi Mitomo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This article examines the relations between media information and collective resilience-collective solidarity behaviours that emerge from a crowd-in a disaster. It uses the crisis of stranded commuters in Tokyo during the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake as a case study with data collected from an original survey. Using a cluster analysis and a multinomial logistic regression, it is found that media information is positively related to the characteristics of collective resilience, such as shared identity and mutual help. Specifically, among those who felt threatened by the disaster, people who had received more information from media, particularly from social media and mobile telephones, were more likely to display higher levels of these characteristics. It is contended that this is because media information can help people to feel more empowered and, thus, more willing to interact with and help others.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAsian Journal of Social Psychology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2018 Jan 1

Fingerprint

information medium
Earthquakes
Tokyo
commuter
Disasters
resilience
disaster
natural disaster
Japan
Social Media
Cell Phones
media relations
Cluster Analysis
Logistic Models
social media
cluster analysis
solidarity
telephone
logistics
regression

Keywords

  • Collective resilience
  • Disaster resilience
  • Great East Japan Earthquake
  • Mass behaviour in disasters
  • Media information in disasters
  • Stranded commuters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "This article examines the relations between media information and collective resilience-collective solidarity behaviours that emerge from a crowd-in a disaster. It uses the crisis of stranded commuters in Tokyo during the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake as a case study with data collected from an original survey. Using a cluster analysis and a multinomial logistic regression, it is found that media information is positively related to the characteristics of collective resilience, such as shared identity and mutual help. Specifically, among those who felt threatened by the disaster, people who had received more information from media, particularly from social media and mobile telephones, were more likely to display higher levels of these characteristics. It is contended that this is because media information can help people to feel more empowered and, thus, more willing to interact with and help others.",
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