Effects of Menstrual Phase-Dependent Resistance Training Frequency on Muscular Hypertrophy and Strength

Mikako Sakamaki-Sunaga*, Seokki Min, Kayoko Kamemoto, Takanobu Okamoto

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sakamaki-Sunaga, M, Min, S, Kamemoto, K, and Okamoto, T. Effects of menstrual phase-dependent resistance training frequency on muscular hypertrophy and strength. J Strength Cond Res 30(6): 1727-1734, 2016 - The present study investigated how different training frequencies during menstrual phases affect muscle hypertrophy and strength. Fourteen eumenorrheic women performed 3 sets of arm curls (8-15 repetitions) until failure for 12 weeks. Depending on the menstrual cycle phase, each subject trained each arm separately after either a 3- or a 1-d·wk -1 training protocol during the follicular phase (FP-T) and a 3- or 1-d·wk -1 training protocol during the luteal phase (LP-T). Cross-sectional area (CSA), 1 repetition maximum, and maximum voluntary contraction significantly increased 6.2 ± 4.4, 36.4 ± 11.9, and 16.7 ± 5.6%, respectively (p ≤ 0.05 vs. before training), in the FP-T group and 7.8 ± 4.2, 31.8 ± 14.1, and 14.9 ± 12.7%, respectively (p ≤ 0.05 vs. before training), in the LP-T group. Changes in CSA between the FP-T and the LP-T groups significantly and positively correlated (r 0.54, p ≤ 0.05). There were no major differences among the different training protocols with regard to muscle hypertrophy and strength. Therefore, we suggest that variations in female hormones induced by the menstrual cycle phases do not significantly contribute to muscle hypertrophy and strength gains during 12 weeks of resistance training.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1727-1734
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of strength and conditioning research
Volume30
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • estrogen
  • menstrual cycle
  • progesterone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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