Effects of muscle cooling on the stiffness of the human gastrocnemius muscle in vivo

Tetsuro Muraoka, Kohei Omuro, Taku Wakahara, Tadashi Muramatsu, Hiroaki Kanehisa, Tetsuo Fukunaga, Kazuyuki Kanosue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Aims: The effects of muscle cooling on the stiffness of the human gastrocnemius muscle (GAS) were examined in vivo. Methods: The knee joint was passively extended from 90 to 0deg; (0° = full knee extended position) with a constant ankle angle of 10° dorsiflexed position (0° = the sole of the foot is approximately perpendicular to the anterior margin of the shaft of the tibia) in a control condition (room temperature of 18-23°C) and a cooling condition (muscle temperature decreased by 5.8 ± 1.7°C after cooling using a cold water bath at a temperature of 5-8°C for 60 min). The change in passive Achilles tendon force, muscle fascicle length of GAS and muscle temperature were measured (n = 6) during the motion. Results and Conclusion: GAS stiffness was significantly greater in the cooling condition (20 ± 8 N/mm) than the control condition (18 ± 8 N/mm). There was no cooling effect on the muscle slack length, beyond which passive muscle force arises. The maximum passive Achilles tendon force significantly increased by 19 ± 20% after cooling. These results suggested that cooling increased the passive muscle force due to the increase in the muscle stiffness rather than the shift of the muscle slack length.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)152-160
Number of pages9
JournalCells Tissues Organs
Volume187
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Feb 1

Keywords

  • Skeletal muscle
  • Temperature
  • Ultrasonography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Histology

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