Effects of Occupational Stressors on Depressive Symptoms: Longitudinal Study Among Medical Services and Welfare Workers

Takumi Iwaasa, Takeshi Sasaki, Toru Yoshikawa, Yuko Ochiai, Tomohide Kubo, Tomoaki Matsuo, Xinxin Liu, Masaya Takahashi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This study aimed to examine the status of depression symptoms and occupational stress factors that triggered these symptoms among workers in medical and welfare industries. Web-based surveys were conducted in 2016 and 2019 among research company survey respondents regarding their work, life and health. This study extracted data for medical services and welfare workers who participated in both the initial survey in 2016 and the follow-up survey in 2019. First of all, 288 regular employees (221 men and 67 females of mean age 45.6 years, SD = 9.0) who worked in the medical services and welfare industries at the time of both surveys were identified. Of these, 115 presented with depressive symptoms by CES-D scale (39.9%), indicating a higher ratio compared to other occupations. Following this, for the 173 respondents who did not present with depressive symptoms in the initial survey but developed depressive symptoms during the three years following the initial survey, changes (favorable, improved, no change, deteriorated, unfavorable) in occupational stressors were analyzed using explanatory variables. As the results of logistic regression analysis, at the time of the follow-up survey, 32 respondents presented with symptoms of depression (18.5%), and environmental work stress (noise, lighting, temperature, ventilation, etc.) and interpersonal stress at work (unfavorable stress conditions at the time of both surveys) significantly affect the onset of these symptoms. Many medical services and welfare workers are required to suppress their own emotions as they go about their busy daily duties of caring for others, and this study suggests that they are working under highly stressful conditions. There is a strong sense that the workplace has reached an impasse, and a new approach is needed in a bid to revitalize the organization and create attractive company structures, as well as improve the physical working environment.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Physical, Social and Occupational Ergonomics - Proceedings of the AHFE 2020 Virtual Conferences on Physical Ergonomics and Human Factors, Social and Occupational Ergonomics and Cross-Cultural Decision Making
EditorsWaldemar Karwowski, Ravindra S. Goonetilleke, Shuping Xiong, Richard H.M. Goossens, Atsuo Murata
PublisherSpringer
Pages309-315
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)9783030515485
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes
EventAHFE Virtual Conference on Physical Ergonomics and Human Factors, the Virtual Conference on Social and Occupational Ergonomics, and the Virtual Conference on Cross-Cultural Decision Making, 2020 - San Diego, United States
Duration: 2020 Jul 162020 Jul 20

Publication series

NameAdvances in Intelligent Systems and Computing
Volume1215 AISC
ISSN (Print)2194-5357
ISSN (Electronic)2194-5365

Conference

ConferenceAHFE Virtual Conference on Physical Ergonomics and Human Factors, the Virtual Conference on Social and Occupational Ergonomics, and the Virtual Conference on Cross-Cultural Decision Making, 2020
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period20/7/1620/7/20

Keywords

  • Depressive symptoms
  • Interpersonal relationships
  • Medical services and welfare workers
  • Nudge
  • Work environment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Computer Science(all)

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