The effects of quantum coordinates associated with the Nambu-Goldstone mode in a trapped Bose-Einstein condensate are investigated at zero and finite temperatures. We develop a loop expansion and perform numerical calculations over a wide range of temperature, i.e., between zero and the critical temperatures. Our results are compared with those obtained in cases without the Nambu-Goldstone mode (the Bogoliubov approximation) and with the Nambu-Goldstone mode as a zero-energy particle mode.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)