Aims The aim was to study the differences in the effectiveness of two types of endothelin (ET) receptor antagonists (selective ET-A or dual ET-A/B antagonists) on the hearts of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats (type I diabetes) at functional and biochemical/molecular levels. Main methods Citrate saline (vehicle) or STZ was injected into rats. The ET-A/B dual receptor antagonist (SB209670, 1 mg/kg/day) and the ET-A receptor antagonist (TA-0201, 1 mg/kg/day) were then administered to these rats. One week after injection, the animals were separated into those receiving SB209670, TA-0201 or vehicle by 4-week osmotic mini-pump. Key findings The VEGF level and percent fractional shortening in the diabetic heart were significantly decreased compared to the non-diabetic heart, whereas SB209670 and TA-0201 treatments greatly and comparably prevented this decrease. SB209670 treatment was more effective in reversing decreased expressions of KDR and phosphorylated AKT, downstream of VEGF angiogenic signaling, than TA-0201 treatment. The eNOS levels in hearts were significantly higher in diabetic rats than in healthy rats, and this increase was significantly reduced by TA-0210 but not by SB209670 treatment. Significance Improvement of KDR mRNA and pAKT levels by SB209670 but not TA-0201 suggests that dual ET-A/-B blockade may be effective in improving intracellular systems of these components in the diabetic rat heart. However, the present study also showed that TA-0201 or SB209670 improved percent fractional shortening and VEGF levels of the diabetic hearts to a similar extent, suggesting that ET-A blockade and dual ET-A/-B blockade are similarly effective in improving cardiac dysfunction in the diabetic rats.
- Diabetic heart
- Endothelin receptor antagonist
- VEGF signaling
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)