Effects of social support and self-esteem on depressive symptoms in japanese middle-aged and elderly people

Yasuyuki Fukukawa, Satomi Tsuboi, Naoakira Niino, Fujiko Ando, Shotaro Kosugi, Hiroshi Shimokata

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Abstract

We examined the relationship among social support, self-esteem, and depression. The subjects were 1,116 Japanese community-dwelling adults aged between 40-79, who were the first wave participants of the National Institute for Longevity Sciences-Longitudinal Study of Aging (NILS-LSA). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed on the Rosenberg's self-esteem scale that supported the superiority of the bi-dimensional structure of the scale marked by self-confidence and self-deprecation subscales. The subsequent causal analyses, using structural equation modeling, demonstrated that social support reduced depressed affect through an increase in self-confidence and a decrease in self-deprecation. By contrast, social support did not show a direct effect on depressed affect. The findings suggest the importance of esteem-improving elements of social support in reducing depressive symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S63-S69
JournalJournal of epidemiology
Volume10
Issue number1 SUPPL.
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Jan 1

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Keywords

  • Depression
  • Self-esteem
  • Social support
  • Structural equation modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Fukukawa, Y., Tsuboi, S., Niino, N., Ando, F., Kosugi, S., & Shimokata, H. (2000). Effects of social support and self-esteem on depressive symptoms in japanese middle-aged and elderly people. Journal of epidemiology, 10(1 SUPPL.), S63-S69.