Effects of social support and self-esteem on depressive symptoms in Japanese middle-aged and elderly people.

Y. Fukukawa, S. Tsuboi, N. Niino, F. Ando, S. Kosugi, H. Shimokata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We examined the relationship among social support, self-esteem, and depression. The subjects were 1,116 Japanese community-dwelling adults aged between 40-79, who were the first wave participants of the National Institute for Longevity Sciences--Longitudinal Study of Aging (NILS-LSA). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed on the Rosenberg's self-esteem scale that supported the superiority of the bi-dimensional structure of the scale marked by self-confidence and self-deprecation subscales. The subsequent causal analyses, using structural equation modeling, demonstrated that social support reduced depressed affect through an increase in self-confidence and a decrease in self-deprecation. By contrast, social support did not show a direct effect on depressed affect. The findings suggest the importance of esteem-improving elements of social support in reducing depressive symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of epidemiology / Japan Epidemiological Association
Volume10
Issue number1 Suppl
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Apr
Externally publishedYes

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Self Concept
Social Support
Depression
Independent Living
Statistical Factor Analysis
Longitudinal Studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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Effects of social support and self-esteem on depressive symptoms in Japanese middle-aged and elderly people. / Fukukawa, Y.; Tsuboi, S.; Niino, N.; Ando, F.; Kosugi, S.; Shimokata, H.

In: Journal of epidemiology / Japan Epidemiological Association, Vol. 10, No. 1 Suppl, 04.2000.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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