Effects of spectral properties of glass on the thermal comfort of car occupants

Yoshiichi Ozeki, Toru Takabayashi, Shinichi Tanabe

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The effect of different sources of radiation on the transmissive and reflective performance of glass was investigated to enable the accurate evaluation of solar radiation through a glass window. The performance of these two properties is quite different with different radiation sources, such as solar radiation from the sun or infrared solar lamps, because of the spectral properties of both the glass and radiation sources. We also discuss how differences in the transmissive and reflective performance of the glass affect the thermal comfort of car occupants. A numerical simulation method, based on comprehensive combined analysis of a thermoregulation model of the human body, radiation models, including thermal radiation and solar radiation, and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is conducted for this purpose. In addition, the numerical simulation method was combined with a numerical thermal manikin model, including the algorithm for the control system of the thermal manikin, and tested for its effectiveness for the evaluation of thermal comfort. It was shown that the numerical model performed equally well and therefore could be used as a substitute for the thermal manikin for the assessment of equivalent temperature in the experiments discussed in ISO/NP-14505.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)289-297
    Number of pages9
    JournalElsevier Ergonomics Book Series
    Volume3
    Issue numberC
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2005

    Fingerprint

    Glass
    Hot Temperature
    Radiation
    Manikins
    Body Temperature Regulation
    Solar System
    Hydrodynamics
    Human Body
    Temperature

    Keywords

    • Glass
    • ISO-NP-14505
    • Numerical thermal manikin
    • Solar radiation source
    • Spectral property
    • Thermal comfort

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
    • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

    Cite this

    Effects of spectral properties of glass on the thermal comfort of car occupants. / Ozeki, Yoshiichi; Takabayashi, Toru; Tanabe, Shinichi.

    In: Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series, Vol. 3, No. C, 2005, p. 289-297.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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