Effects of stacking sequence on static torsional properties of CFRP pipes

Taichi Watanabe, Keisuke Satomura, Naoki Kimoto, Takato Nakamura, Tae Sung Kim, Atsushi Hosoi, Hiroyuki Kawada

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP) pipes are expected to substitute for steel drive shafts to improve motorcar's fuel efficiency and driving performance. The static torsional strength of CFRP pipes formed by a modified simultaneous multi ply winding method is 20% higher than that of CFRP pipes formed by a filament winding method owing to few initial flaws. As the results of static torsional tests regarding [90/-45/+45]6 pipes, it was revealed that the delamination from the prepreg end occurred in the innermost layer and propagated in the interlaminar area of the -45°/+45° plies before the final failure. It is expected to design stacking sequence for preventing the delamination. In this study, effects of stacking sequence on the static torsional properties of the CFRP pipes were investigated. [902/-45/+45]6 and [90/-45/90/+45]6 pipes were formed to investigate effects of lamination angle difference between adjacent plies. Maximum lamination angle difference of the [90/-45/90/+45]6 pipe is smaller than that of the [902/-45/+45]6 pipe. In case of the [90/-45/90/+45]6 pipes with small lamination angle difference, the initiation of the delamination was delayed because the interlaminar stress was reduced. Furthermore, [(90/-45/90/+45)6/90] pipes were formed to investigate effects of an application of a 90° layer on the innermost layer. The delamination from the prepreg end did not occur before the final failure by the application of a 90° layer on the innermost layer since the applied load on the prereg end was reduced. Finally, the static torsional strength of the [(90/-45/90/+45)6/90] pipes was 25% higher than that of the [902/-45/+45]6 pipes due to improvement of delamination resistance.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)567-572
    Number of pages6
    JournalZairyo/Journal of the Society of Materials Science, Japan
    Volume65
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016 Aug 1

    Fingerprint

    Plastic pipe
    carbon fiber reinforced plastics
    Carbon fiber reinforced plastics
    Pipe
    Delamination
    prepregs
    laminates
    Filament winding
    Shafts (machine components)
    carbon fiber reinforced plastic
    Steel
    filament winding
    interlaminar stress
    Defects

    Keywords

    • CFRP
    • Delamination
    • Pipe
    • Sheet winding
    • Stacking sequence
    • Static torsional strength

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Materials Science(all)
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Mechanical Engineering

    Cite this

    Effects of stacking sequence on static torsional properties of CFRP pipes. / Watanabe, Taichi; Satomura, Keisuke; Kimoto, Naoki; Nakamura, Takato; Kim, Tae Sung; Hosoi, Atsushi; Kawada, Hiroyuki.

    In: Zairyo/Journal of the Society of Materials Science, Japan, Vol. 65, No. 8, 01.08.2016, p. 567-572.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Watanabe, Taichi ; Satomura, Keisuke ; Kimoto, Naoki ; Nakamura, Takato ; Kim, Tae Sung ; Hosoi, Atsushi ; Kawada, Hiroyuki. / Effects of stacking sequence on static torsional properties of CFRP pipes. In: Zairyo/Journal of the Society of Materials Science, Japan. 2016 ; Vol. 65, No. 8. pp. 567-572.
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    abstract = "Carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP) pipes are expected to substitute for steel drive shafts to improve motorcar's fuel efficiency and driving performance. The static torsional strength of CFRP pipes formed by a modified simultaneous multi ply winding method is 20{\%} higher than that of CFRP pipes formed by a filament winding method owing to few initial flaws. As the results of static torsional tests regarding [90/-45/+45]6 pipes, it was revealed that the delamination from the prepreg end occurred in the innermost layer and propagated in the interlaminar area of the -45°/+45° plies before the final failure. It is expected to design stacking sequence for preventing the delamination. In this study, effects of stacking sequence on the static torsional properties of the CFRP pipes were investigated. [902/-45/+45]6 and [90/-45/90/+45]6 pipes were formed to investigate effects of lamination angle difference between adjacent plies. Maximum lamination angle difference of the [90/-45/90/+45]6 pipe is smaller than that of the [902/-45/+45]6 pipe. In case of the [90/-45/90/+45]6 pipes with small lamination angle difference, the initiation of the delamination was delayed because the interlaminar stress was reduced. Furthermore, [(90/-45/90/+45)6/90] pipes were formed to investigate effects of an application of a 90° layer on the innermost layer. The delamination from the prepreg end did not occur before the final failure by the application of a 90° layer on the innermost layer since the applied load on the prereg end was reduced. Finally, the static torsional strength of the [(90/-45/90/+45)6/90] pipes was 25{\%} higher than that of the [902/-45/+45]6 pipes due to improvement of delamination resistance.",
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    AU - Kimoto, Naoki

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    AU - Kim, Tae Sung

    AU - Hosoi, Atsushi

    AU - Kawada, Hiroyuki

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    AB - Carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP) pipes are expected to substitute for steel drive shafts to improve motorcar's fuel efficiency and driving performance. The static torsional strength of CFRP pipes formed by a modified simultaneous multi ply winding method is 20% higher than that of CFRP pipes formed by a filament winding method owing to few initial flaws. As the results of static torsional tests regarding [90/-45/+45]6 pipes, it was revealed that the delamination from the prepreg end occurred in the innermost layer and propagated in the interlaminar area of the -45°/+45° plies before the final failure. It is expected to design stacking sequence for preventing the delamination. In this study, effects of stacking sequence on the static torsional properties of the CFRP pipes were investigated. [902/-45/+45]6 and [90/-45/90/+45]6 pipes were formed to investigate effects of lamination angle difference between adjacent plies. Maximum lamination angle difference of the [90/-45/90/+45]6 pipe is smaller than that of the [902/-45/+45]6 pipe. In case of the [90/-45/90/+45]6 pipes with small lamination angle difference, the initiation of the delamination was delayed because the interlaminar stress was reduced. Furthermore, [(90/-45/90/+45)6/90] pipes were formed to investigate effects of an application of a 90° layer on the innermost layer. The delamination from the prepreg end did not occur before the final failure by the application of a 90° layer on the innermost layer since the applied load on the prereg end was reduced. Finally, the static torsional strength of the [(90/-45/90/+45)6/90] pipes was 25% higher than that of the [902/-45/+45]6 pipes due to improvement of delamination resistance.

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