Effects of strenuous exercise with eccentric muscle contraction: Physiological and functional aspects of human skeletal muscle

Osamu Yanagisawa, Toshiyuki Kurihara, Koji Okumura, Toru Fukubayashi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Purpose: We used magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and ultrasonography in combination with a dynamometer to assess physiological and functional aspects of the skeletal muscles after strenuous exercise that included eccentric contraction. Methods: Seven male subjects (mean age, 21.7 years) performed ankle plantar flexion that included eccentric contraction and underwent Diffusion-weighted MR imaging for calculation of the apparent Diffusion coefficient (ADC) of the triceps surae muscles. We used ultrasonography combined with a dynamometer to measure the displacement of the myotendinous junction (MTJ) of the medial gastrocnemius and maximal isometric force during ankle plantar flexion. We also assessed the level of muscle soreness of the calf using a visual analogue scale.We measured these parameters before exercise and one, 2, 3, 5, and 8 days after exercise and examined significant changes from the pre-exercise value using repeated-measures analysis of variance with Dunnett's test for each measurement parameter. Results: One day after exercise, we observed increased muscle soreness (P< 0.001) and decreased MTJ displacement (P<0.05); isometric force generation tended to decrease, but the change was not significant.Muscle soreness peaked 2 days after exercise (P< 0.001) and remained significantly increased until 5 days after exercise (P< 0.005). The medial gastrocnemius exhibited increased ADC value 3 days after exercise (P< 0.005), but the lateral gastrocnemius and the soleus showed no significant changes throughout this study. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that muscle damage induced by eccentric contraction manifests as muscle soreness and dysfunction early after exercise and later increases water Diffusion within damaged muscle.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)179-186
    Number of pages8
    JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences
    Volume9
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

    Fingerprint

    Myalgia
    Muscle Contraction
    Skeletal Muscle
    Ankle
    Muscles
    Ultrasonography
    Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging
    Visual Analog Scale
    Analysis of Variance
    Magnetic Resonance Imaging
    Water

    Keywords

    • Delayed onset muscle soreness
    • Diffusion-weighted imaging
    • Muscle damage
    • Myotendinous junction
    • Ultrasonography

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
    • Medicine(all)

    Cite this

    Effects of strenuous exercise with eccentric muscle contraction : Physiological and functional aspects of human skeletal muscle. / Yanagisawa, Osamu; Kurihara, Toshiyuki; Okumura, Koji; Fukubayashi, Toru.

    In: Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 4, 2010, p. 179-186.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Yanagisawa, Osamu ; Kurihara, Toshiyuki ; Okumura, Koji ; Fukubayashi, Toru. / Effects of strenuous exercise with eccentric muscle contraction : Physiological and functional aspects of human skeletal muscle. In: Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences. 2010 ; Vol. 9, No. 4. pp. 179-186.
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