Effects of the FITKids physical activity randomized controlled trial on conflict monitoring in youth

Eric S. Drollette, Matthew B. Pontifex, Lauren B. Raine, Mark R. Scudder, R. Davis Moore, Shih Chun Kao, Daniel R. Westfall, Chien Ting Wu, Keita Kamijo, Darla M. Castelli, Naiman A. Khan, Arthur F. Kramer, Charles H. Hillman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study investigated the effect of a 9-month physical activity (PA) intervention on children's cardiorespiratory fitness levels and neuroelectric indices of conflict monitoring (i.e., error-related negativity, ERN). Four hundred twenty-eight preadolescent children (8–9 years old) were randomized into a PA intervention or wait-list control group, and completed a fitness and cognitive control assessment (i.e., modified flanker task) at pre- and posttest. Following exclusion criterion, 308 children were included in the analyses (PA intervention: n = 139; wait-list control: n = 169). Children in the intervention displayed greater improvements in fitness and response accuracy, which were accompanied by stability of ERN amplitude from pre- to posttest. In contrast, the control group revealed increased ERN amplitude at posttest compared to pretest, despite no change in fitness or task performance. These findings demonstrate the efficacy of daily PA for promoting children's fitness and underlying neural processes associated with effective conflict monitoring. Such findings have significant implications for promoting organized PA programs intended to foster overall physical and brain health in school age children.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13017
JournalPsychophysiology
Volume55
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Mar 1

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Randomized Controlled Trials
Exercise
Control Groups
School Health Services
Task Performance and Analysis
Conflict (Psychology)
Brain

Keywords

  • children
  • ERN
  • ERPs
  • exercise
  • fitness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Drollette, E. S., Pontifex, M. B., Raine, L. B., Scudder, M. R., Moore, R. D., Kao, S. C., ... Hillman, C. H. (2018). Effects of the FITKids physical activity randomized controlled trial on conflict monitoring in youth. Psychophysiology, 55(3), [e13017]. https://doi.org/10.1111/psyp.13017

Effects of the FITKids physical activity randomized controlled trial on conflict monitoring in youth. / Drollette, Eric S.; Pontifex, Matthew B.; Raine, Lauren B.; Scudder, Mark R.; Moore, R. Davis; Kao, Shih Chun; Westfall, Daniel R.; Wu, Chien Ting; Kamijo, Keita; Castelli, Darla M.; Khan, Naiman A.; Kramer, Arthur F.; Hillman, Charles H.

In: Psychophysiology, Vol. 55, No. 3, e13017, 01.03.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Drollette, ES, Pontifex, MB, Raine, LB, Scudder, MR, Moore, RD, Kao, SC, Westfall, DR, Wu, CT, Kamijo, K, Castelli, DM, Khan, NA, Kramer, AF & Hillman, CH 2018, 'Effects of the FITKids physical activity randomized controlled trial on conflict monitoring in youth', Psychophysiology, vol. 55, no. 3, e13017. https://doi.org/10.1111/psyp.13017
Drollette ES, Pontifex MB, Raine LB, Scudder MR, Moore RD, Kao SC et al. Effects of the FITKids physical activity randomized controlled trial on conflict monitoring in youth. Psychophysiology. 2018 Mar 1;55(3). e13017. https://doi.org/10.1111/psyp.13017
Drollette, Eric S. ; Pontifex, Matthew B. ; Raine, Lauren B. ; Scudder, Mark R. ; Moore, R. Davis ; Kao, Shih Chun ; Westfall, Daniel R. ; Wu, Chien Ting ; Kamijo, Keita ; Castelli, Darla M. ; Khan, Naiman A. ; Kramer, Arthur F. ; Hillman, Charles H. / Effects of the FITKids physical activity randomized controlled trial on conflict monitoring in youth. In: Psychophysiology. 2018 ; Vol. 55, No. 3.
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