Ego noise reduction for hose-shaped rescue robot combining independent low-rank matrix analysis and noise cancellation

Narumi Mae, Daichi Kitamura, Masaru Ishimura, Takeshi Yamada, Shoji Makino

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we present an ego noise reduction method for a hose-shaped rescue robot developed for search and rescue operations in large-scale disasters such as a massive earthquake. It can enter narrow and dark places covered with rubble in a disaster site and is used to search for disaster victims by capturing their voices with its microphone array. However, ego noises, such as vibration or fricative sounds, are mixed with the voices, and it is difficult to differentiate them from a call for help from a disaster victim. To solve this problem, we here propose a two-step noise reduction method as follows: (1) the estimation of both speech and ego noise signals from an observed multichannel signal by multichannel nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) with the rank-1 spatial constraint, which was proposed by Kitamura et al., and (2) the application of noise cancellation to the estimated speech signal using the noise reference. Our evaluations show that this approach is effective for suppressing ego noise.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2016 Asia-Pacific Signal and Information Processing Association Annual Summit and Conference, APSIPA 2016
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9789881476821
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 17
Externally publishedYes
Event2016 Asia-Pacific Signal and Information Processing Association Annual Summit and Conference, APSIPA 2016 - Jeju, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 2016 Dec 132016 Dec 16

Publication series

Name2016 Asia-Pacific Signal and Information Processing Association Annual Summit and Conference, APSIPA 2016

Other

Other2016 Asia-Pacific Signal and Information Processing Association Annual Summit and Conference, APSIPA 2016
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of
CityJeju
Period16/12/1316/12/16

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Information Systems
  • Signal Processing

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