Electrical conduction and dielectric relaxation in polyethylene terephthalate succinate

Fukutaro Kato, Yoshimichi Ohki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electrical conduction and complex permittivity are examined in polyethylene terephthalate succinate, focusing on their relations to dielectric relaxation processes. Both the real and imaginary parts of the complex permittivity, namely, the dielectric constant έr and the dielectric loss factor εr, increase with a decrease in frequency, especially at high temperatures. They are both ascribed to the transport of ionic mobile carriers. Namely, the carrier transport forms a conduction current that should contribute to εr. On this occasion, if charge exchange does not occur at the two electrodes, heterocharge layers should be formed before the electrodes. This should increase the charge density on the electrodes, thus contributing to έr. In addition to the increase in έr and εr due to mobile ions, two relaxation processes, one due to micro-Brownian motion of dipoles and the other due to orientation and magnitude change of the dipole moment induced by two end groups in the polymer main chain, are observed. Corresponding to these two relaxation processes, two thermally stimulated discharge current (TSDC) peaks appear. The two TSDC peaks as well as the increments in έr and εr become larger when the crystallinity of the sample decreases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalElectrical Engineering in Japan (English translation of Denki Gakkai Ronbunshi)
Volume170
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Feb 1

Keywords

  • Complex permittivity
  • Polyethylene terephthalate succinate
  • Thermally stimulated discharge current

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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