Electro-copolymerization of layer-by-layer deposited polythiophene and polycarbazole precursor ultrathin films

Paralee Waenkaew, Prasad Taranekar, Sukon Phanichphant, Rigoberto C. Advincula*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


The synthesis, layer-by-layer deposition, and electro-copolymerization of precursor polyelectrolyte multilayer ultrathin films with thiophene and carbazole electroactive groups are described. The interest is in observing an electrochemical cross-linking approach towards a highly ordered ultrathin film that contains two types of monomers to result in possible layer-limited homo-and copolymerization. A uniform linear growth with alternate deposition of the polyelectrolytes is observed. The multilayer films were then electrochemically polymerized anodically by cyclic voltammetry (CV), which results in copolymerization between two different electroactive groups. Cross-linking of the layers was verified by CV and spectroelectrochemistry data with very good linear electro-copolymerizability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1522-1527
Number of pages6
JournalMacromolecular Rapid Communications
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Aug 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Conjugated polymers
  • Electropolymerization
  • Layer growth
  • LbL films
  • Polycarbazole
  • Polythiophene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry


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