Electroactive Polyaniline film Deposited from Nonaqueous Media: III. Effect of Mixed Organic Solvent on Polyaniline Deposition and Its Battery Performance

Tetsuyo Osaka, Toshiki Nokojima, Koh Shiota, Toshiyuki Momma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electroactive polyaniline (PAn) films were deposited from PC (propylene carbonate)–EC (ethylene carbonate) and PC-DME (1,2–dimethoxyethane) mixed polymerization solutions containing aniline, CF3COOH, and LiC104. Higher dielectric constant solvents are necessary to deposit the PAn film where protons, dissociated from the acid, initiate the polymerization of aniline. Various PAn films deposited in the PC, the PC–EC (50 mole percent), and the PC–DME (50 volume percent) solutions were used for the cathode materials of the rechargeable lithium batteries. Charge capacity and discharge ability of the Li/PAn batteries in the PC–LiC104 electrolyte solution are almost the same, regardless of the polymerization solvents, such as PC ≈ PC-EC ≥ PC–DME and PC–EC ≥ PC–DME ≈ PC. The mixed solvent electrolyte solution effect on the Li/PAn (polymerized in the PC solution) batteries becomes much larger such as PC–DME > PC–EC > PC. Moreover, the electrochemical kinetic factors of the PAn films deposited in the various mixed polymerization solutions and also in the different electrolytes were experimentally determined by measuring the ac impedance. The results of the ac impedance analysis of each PAn film correlate well with the battery performances of Li/PAn cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2853-2858
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume138
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1991 Oct

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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