Electrocatalysis for dioxygen reduction by a μ-oxo decavanadium complex in alkaline medium and its application to a cathode catalyst in air batteries

Eniya Listiani Dewi, Kenichi Oyaizu, Hiroyuki Nishide, Eishun Tsuchida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The redox behavior of a decavanadium complex [(V=O) 102-O)93-O) 3(C5H7O2)6] (1) was studied using cyclic voltammetry under acidic and basic conditions. The reduction potential of V(V) was found at less positive potentials for higher pH electrolyte solutions. The oxygen reduction at complex 1 immobilized on a modified electrode was examined using cyclic voltammetry and rotating ring-disk electrode techniques in the 1M KOH solutions. On the basis of measurements using a rotating disk electrode (RDE), the complex 1 was found to be highly active for the direct four-electron reduction of dioxygen at -0.2 V versus saturated calomel electrode (SCE). The complex 1 as a reduction catalyst of O2 with a high selectivity was demonstrated using rotating ring-disk voltammograms in alkaline solutions. The application of complex 1 as an oxygen reduction catalyst at the cathode of zinc-air cell was also examined. The zinc-air cell with the modified electrode showed a stable discharge potential at approximately 1V with discharge capacity of 80mAhg-1 which was about five times larger than that obtained with the commonly used manganese dioxide catalyst.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)286-290
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume130
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 May 3

Keywords

  • Air battery
  • Alkaline
  • Cathode catalyst
  • Dioxygen reduction
  • Vanadium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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