4,4′,4″-(1,3,5-Benzenetriyl)tris(2,6-di-tert-butylphenol) was prepared by the cross-coupling of 1,3,5-tribromobenzene and [4-(trimethylsiloxy)phenyl]magnesium bromide. X-ray analysis of the single crystal showed a propeller-like structure with a mean dihedral angle of 39° between the hydroxyphenyl and the core benzene. The phenoxyl mono-, di-, and triradicals were generated by the electrochemical oxidation of the trianion. A stepwise radical formation was revealed by a differential pulse voltammogram, electrolytic ESR spectroscopy, and a comproportionation reaction between the radicals, which was discussed as an effect of the π-conjugated but non-Kekulé-type coupler. The quartet and triplet ground state for the tri- and diradical, respectively, were confirmed by a SQUID measurement.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry