Electrochemical reaction rates in a dye-sensitised solar cell - The iodide/tri-iodide redox system

Lasse Bay, Keld West, Bjorn Winther Jensen, Torben Jacobsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

119 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The electrochemical reaction rate of the redox couple iodide/tri-iodide in acetonitrile is characterised by impedance spectroscopy. Different electrode materials relevant for the function of dye-sensitised solar cells (DSSC) are investigated. Preferably, the reaction with the iodide/tri-iodide couple should be fast at the counter electrode, i.e. this electrode must have a high catalytic activity towards the redox couple, and the same reaction must be slow on the photo electrode. The catalytic activity is investigated for platinum, poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT), polypyrrole (PPy), and polyaniline (PANI) - all deposited onto fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) glass. Both Pt and PEDOT are found to have sufficiently high catalytic activities for practical use as counter electrodes in DSSC. The reaction resistance on FTO and anatase confirmed the beneficial effect of a compact anatase layer on top of the FTO glass in lowering the tri-iodide reduction rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)341-351
Number of pages11
JournalSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
Volume90
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Feb 25
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Iodides
Reaction rates
Fluorine
Electrodes
Tin oxides
Catalyst activity
Titanium dioxide
Glass
Polypyrroles
Polyaniline
Platinum
Acetonitrile
Dye-sensitized solar cells
Oxidation-Reduction
Spectroscopy
stannic oxide
titanium dioxide
poly(3,4-ethylene dioxythiophene)

Keywords

  • Anatase
  • Counter electrode
  • Dye-sensitised solar cell
  • Impedance
  • Iodide/tri-iodide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

Electrochemical reaction rates in a dye-sensitised solar cell - The iodide/tri-iodide redox system. / Bay, Lasse; West, Keld; Winther Jensen, Bjorn; Jacobsen, Torben.

In: Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol. 90, No. 3, 25.02.2006, p. 341-351.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bay, Lasse ; West, Keld ; Winther Jensen, Bjorn ; Jacobsen, Torben. / Electrochemical reaction rates in a dye-sensitised solar cell - The iodide/tri-iodide redox system. In: Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells. 2006 ; Vol. 90, No. 3. pp. 341-351.
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