An application of the Li-ion batteries to advanced transportation systems essentially requires the enhancement of the rate capability; thus, the fabrication of nanostructured cathode materials with the large surface area and short Li-ion diffusion length is particularly important. In this study, an electrospinning method was adopted for the synthesis of wire-structured LiCoO 2. The diameter of the as-spun fiber obtained from the precursor solution with multiwalled carbon nanotubes (vapor-grown carbon fiber, VGCF) was thinner than that of as-spun fiber obtained from the solution without VGCF. After the heat treatment, wire-structured LiCoO 2 was successfully obtained regardless of the existence of dispersed VGCF in the precursor solution, although the particle size of LiCoO 2 fabricated with VGCF was smaller than that of LiCoO 2 fabricated without VGCF. The charge/discharge and rate-capability experiments revealed that both resulting materials show the reversible Li-ion insertion/extraction reaction. However, due to the existence of a small irreversible capacity at the initial cycles, the interfacial resistance increases, resulting in the poor cyclability and lower charge/discharge rate capability, especially for nanowire LiCoO 2 fabricated with VGCF.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films