Electrospinning synthesis of wire-structured LiCoO 2 for electrode materials of high-power li-ion batteries

Yoshifumi Mizuno, Eiji Hosono, Tatsuya Saito, Masashi Okubo, Daisuke Nishio-Hamane, Katsuyoshi Oh-Ishi, Tetsuichi Kudo, Haoshen Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An application of the Li-ion batteries to advanced transportation systems essentially requires the enhancement of the rate capability; thus, the fabrication of nanostructured cathode materials with the large surface area and short Li-ion diffusion length is particularly important. In this study, an electrospinning method was adopted for the synthesis of wire-structured LiCoO 2. The diameter of the as-spun fiber obtained from the precursor solution with multiwalled carbon nanotubes (vapor-grown carbon fiber, VGCF) was thinner than that of as-spun fiber obtained from the solution without VGCF. After the heat treatment, wire-structured LiCoO 2 was successfully obtained regardless of the existence of dispersed VGCF in the precursor solution, although the particle size of LiCoO 2 fabricated with VGCF was smaller than that of LiCoO 2 fabricated without VGCF. The charge/discharge and rate-capability experiments revealed that both resulting materials show the reversible Li-ion insertion/extraction reaction. However, due to the existence of a small irreversible capacity at the initial cycles, the interfacial resistance increases, resulting in the poor cyclability and lower charge/discharge rate capability, especially for nanowire LiCoO 2 fabricated with VGCF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10774-10780
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume116
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 May 17
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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