Emergence of a Wiener process as a result of the quantum mechanical interaction with a macroscopic medium

Raffaella Blasi, Hiromichi Nakazato, Mikio Namiki, Saverio Pascazio

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We analyze a modified version of the Coleman-Hepp model, which is able to take into account energy-exchange processes between the incoming particle and the linear array made up of N spin-1/2 systems. We bring to light the presence of a Wiener dissipative process in the weak-coupling, macroscopic (N → ∞) limit. In such a limit and a restricted portion of the total Hilbert space, the particle undergoes a sort of Brownian motion, while the free Hamiltonian of the spin array serves as a Wiener process. No partial trace is computed over the states of the spin system (which plays the role of "reservoir"). The mechanism of appearance of the stochastic process is discussed and contrasted to other noteworthy examples in the literature. The links with van Hove's "λ2T" limits are emphasized.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-211
Number of pages23
JournalPhysica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications
Volume245
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Oct 15

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Keywords

  • Quantum statistical mechanics
  • Theory of quantum measurement
  • Wiener process

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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