Activated protein C (APC) is an anticoagulant and anti-inflammatory factor that acts via endothelial protein C receptor (EPCR). Interestingly, APC also exhibits neuroprotective activities. In the present study, we demonstrate for the first time expression of EPCR, the receptor for APC, in rat cortical and hippocampal neurons. Moreover, exposing the neurons to glutamate excitotoxicity we studied the functional consequence of the expression of EPCR. By cytotoxicity assay we showed that EPCR was necessary for the APC-mediated protective effect in both neuronal cell types in culture. The effect of APC was abrogated in the presence of blocking EPCR antibodies. Analysis of neuronal death by cell labelling with dyes which allow distinguishing living and dead cells confirmed that the anti-apoptotic effect of APC was dependent on both EPCR and protease-activated receptor-1. Thus, we suggest that binding of APC to EPCR on neurons and subsequent activation of protease-activated receptor-1 by the complex of APC-EPCR promotes survival mechanisms after exposure of neurons to damaging factors.
- Activated protein C
- Coagulation proteases
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience