Enhanced collisional growth to a protoplanet that has an atmosphere

Satoshi Inaba, M. Ikoma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

89 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Once a protoplanet becomes larger than about lunar size, it accumulates a significant atmosphere that surrounds the solid core. When a planetesimal approaches the protoplanet, it interacts with the atmosphere. If enough energy of the planetesimal is lost by gas drag of the atmosphere, it is captured in the atmosphere even if its original trajectory would not lead to a direct collision with the solid core of the protoplanet. This increases the collision rate, resulting in faster growth of the protoplanet. We have derived the analytical calculations for the collision rate, and calculated the structure of the atmosphere and the trajectories of the planetesimals in the atmosphere. As a result of their large gas drag, small planetesimals are easily captured, resulting in a large rate of collision with the protoplanet. A collision rate of a protoplanet of Earth size with a planetesimal of 100 m radius is, for example, enhanced by a factor of ∼10. These effects play an essential role in the study of formation of solid cores of gas giant planets by the core accretion model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)711-723
Number of pages13
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume410
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Nov
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

protoplanets
planetesimal
atmospheres
collision
atmosphere
collision rates
drag
trajectory
gas
trajectories
gas giant planets
planet
accretion
collisions
rate
gases
energy

Keywords

  • Solar system: formation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Enhanced collisional growth to a protoplanet that has an atmosphere. / Inaba, Satoshi; Ikoma, M.

In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 410, No. 2, 11.2003, p. 711-723.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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