### Abstract

We present the Enhanced-Discretization Interface-Capturing Technique (EDICT) for computation of unsteady flow problems with interfaces, such as two-fluid and free-surface flows. In EDICT, we solve, over a non-moving mesh, the Navier-Stokes equations together with an advection equation governing the evolution of an interface function with two distinct values identifying the two fluids. The starting point for the spatial discretization of these equations are the stabilized finite element formulations which possess good stability and accuracy properties. To increase the accuracy in modeling the interfaces, we use finite element functions corresponding to enhanced discretization at and near the interface. These functions are designed to have multiple components, with each component coming from a different level of mesh refinement over the same computational domain. The primary component of the functions for velocity and pressure comes from the base mesh called Mesh-1. A subset of the elements in Mesh-1 are identified to be at or near the interface, and depending on where the interface is, this subset could change from one time level to another. A Mesh-2 is constructed by patching together the second-level meshes generated over this subset of elements, and the second component of the functions for velocity and pressure comes from Mesh-2. For the interface function, we have a third component coming from a Mesh-3 which is constructed by patching together the third-level meshes generated over a subset of elements in Mesh-2. With parallel computation of the test problems presented here, we demonstrate that the EDICT can be used very effectively to increase the accuracy of the base finite element formulations.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 235-248 |

Number of pages | 14 |

Journal | Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering |

Volume | 155 |

Issue number | 3-4 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 1998 Mar |

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### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Computational Mechanics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Computer Science Applications

### Cite this

*Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering*,

*155*(3-4), 235-248. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0045-7825(97)00194-1