We demonstrate an ∼104 increase in conversion efficiency for optical second-harmonic generation (SHG) from a periodically nanostructured metal structure consisting of a single subwavelength aperture in a thin silver film surrounded by a set of concentric surface grooves. The forward-transmitted second-harmonic radiation from this structure is measured relative to that from an identical aperture with no surrounding surface periodicity. We explain the observed SHG enhancement quantitatively in terms of a measured 120× increase in the strength of the fundamental radiation in the vicinity of the aperture resulting from the periodic nano-structuring.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics