Enhanced piezoelectric property of barium titanate single crystals with engineered domain configurations

Satoshi Wada*, Shingo Suzuki, Tatsuo Noma, Takeyuki Suzuki, Minoru Osada, Masato Kakihana, Seung Eek Park, L. Eric Cross, Thomas R. Shrout

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

347 Citations (Scopus)


Piezoelectric properties of barium tilanate single crystals were investigated at room temperature as a function of crystallographic orientation. When a unipolar electric field was applied along [001], its strain vs electric-field curve showed a large hysteresis, and finally barium titanate crystal became to single-domain state with piezoelectric constant d33 of 125 pC/N over 20kV/cm. On the other hand, electric-field exposure below 6 kV/cm along [111] resulted in a high d33 of 203 pC/N and a hysteresis-free strain vs electric-field behavior, which suggested the formation of an engineered domain configuration in a tetragonal barium titanate crystal. Moreover, when an electric field over 6 kV/cm was applied along [111], two discontinuous changes were observed in its strain vs electric-field curve. In situ domain observation and Raman measurement under an electric field suggested an electric-field-induced phase transition from tetragonal to monoclinic at around 10 kV/cm, and that from monoclinic to rhombohedral at around 30 kV/cm. Moreover, in a monoclinic barium titanate crystal, electric-field exposure along [111] resulted in the formation of another new engineered domain configuration with d33 of 295 pC/N.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5505-5511
Number of pages7
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers
Issue number9 B
Publication statusPublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Barium titanate single crystal
  • Crystallographic orientation
  • Electric-field induced phase transition
  • Engineered domain configuration
  • In situ domain observation
  • In situ Raman measurement
  • Piezoelectric property

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


Dive into the research topics of 'Enhanced piezoelectric property of barium titanate single crystals with engineered domain configurations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this