Entanglement of spin waves among four quantum memories

K. S. Choi, A. Goban, S. B. Papp, S. J. Van Enk, H. J. Kimble

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

86 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Quantum networks are composed of quantum nodes that interact coherently through quantum channels, and open a broad frontier of scientific opportunities. For example, a quantum network can serve as a for connecting quantum processors for computation and communication, or as a simulator allowing investigations of quantum critical phenomena arising from interactions among the nodes mediated by the channels. The physical realization of quantum networks generically requires dynamical systems capable of generating and storing entangled states among multiple quantum memories, and efficiently transferring stored entanglement into quantum channels for distribution across the network. Although such capabilities have been demonstrated for diverse bipartite systems, entangled states have not been achieved for interconnects capable of mapping multipartite entanglement stored in quantum memories to quantum channels. Here we demonstrate measurement-induced entanglement stored in four atomic memories; user-controlled, coherent transfer of the atomic entanglement to four photonic channels; and characterization of the full quadripartite entanglement using quantum uncertainty relations. Our work therefore constitutes an advance in the distribution of multipartite entanglement across quantum networks. We also show that our entanglement verification method is suitable for studying the entanglement order of condensed-matter systems in thermal equilibrium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)412-418
Number of pages7
JournalNature
Volume468
Issue number7322
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Nov 18

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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    Choi, K. S., Goban, A., Papp, S. B., Van Enk, S. J., & Kimble, H. J. (2010). Entanglement of spin waves among four quantum memories. Nature, 468(7322), 412-418. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature09568